Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) is defined in DSM-III as a dissociative treatment of a year-old woman who was referred to Thigpen and Cleckley. Study Thigpen & Cleckley – A Case of Multiple Personality flashcards from Esme Wishart’s class online, or in Brainscape’s iPhone or Android app. ✓ Learn faster. J Abnorm Psychol. Jan;49(1) A case of multiple personality. THIGPEN CH, CLECKLEY H. PMID: ; [Indexed for MEDLINE]. MeSH terms.

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Firstly it could be considered whether Eve White was treated more of a subject than a patient.

After eight months of treatment Eve White seemed to be making progress. Similarly, after a few hypnotic sessions the therapists could request Eve Black to let them speak to Eve White.

The aim of this article was to provide an account clexkley the psychotherapeutic treatment of a year-old woman who was persona,ity to Thigpen and Cleckley because of ‘severe and blinding headaches’. The voice and language structure were also very different, and to the therapist it appeared to be an entirely different woman.

A case of multiple personality.

Thigpen and Cleckley did recognise this but asserted that the performance could not have continued for so long and so consistently. Ckeckley Black though was regressive whilst Eve White was repressive showing obsessive-compulsive traits, rigidity and an inability to deal with her hostility.

It became easier for the therapist to call up whichever personality he wanted to examine, and childhood experiences were investigated under hypnosis.


Although Thigpen and Cleckley do not point to the cause of MPD, the received wisdom is that MPD is usually a response to child abuse – a way for the individual to protect him or herself. After Jane appeared the three personalities were given electroencephalogram tests EEG.

Weaknesses Case studies only relate to one individual and we have to be careful generalising from the findings.

Thigpen and Cleckley also involved Eve’s relatives to help verify certain recollections, and to add information, and in this way throw light on the case. Such research can also be called action research as the researchers involvement is consciously trying to change the persons behaviour.

When asked her name she immediately replied cae she was Eve Black. For example, in this case study, the moment that Eve Black appears can be seen in a different way to that described by the therapist. A case of multiple personality.

Rorschach and drawings of human figures by an independent expert with the following results: She succeeded in concealing her identity not only from Eve White, but also from her parents and husband. Rorschach test ink blot test and drawings of human figures results: This consisted of interviews with the patient and her family, hypnosis, observation, EEG tests and a number of psychometric and projective tests caes, memory tests, ink blot tests and intelligence tests.

A case of multiple personality.

The therapists believed that another personality had emerged who called herself Jane. Thigpen and Cleckley were convinced that they had witnessed an example of multiple personality. In contrast, when Eve Black was not out she was aware of what was happening. During interviews several emotional difficulties were revealed.

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Eve White had a superior memory function than Eve Black. The therapists used hypnosis and the amnesia was cleared. Evaluation of Procedure Strengths Case studies are particularly useful in revealing the origins of abnormal behaviour.

Multiple Personality is not a form of schizophrenia. The data may therefore be unreliable. The public did not hear anything else about the case until when Eve revealed that she had approximately 22 personalities some of which she thigpeen before and some after the therapy.

Interestingly, women prsonality more likely to be diagnosed than men.

However, the diagnosis of MPD is very unreliable. Having been able to work with the three personalities for several months the therapists concluded that if Jane could take possession of the personalities the patient would regain full health and find her way to a happy life.

She believed that fragmentation of her personality had been to protect herself from things she could not bear. An argument that is gaining popularity is that psychiatrists such as Thigpen and Cleckley are actually creating multiple personality by unwittingly leading their patients into believing that they have the condition.

Both personalities were given a series of psychometric i. There are many ethical issues to consider in this study.