Lambda (majusculă Λ, literă mică λ, greacă Λάμ(β)δα lam(b)da) este a unsprezecea literă a alfabetului grec. În sistemul de numerație greacă, Lambda are. Originea sa este incertă, dar există ipoteza că ar proveni alfabetul fenician. În scrierea Din litera Psi a derivat ulterior litera Ѱ a alfabetului chirilic arhaic. Alfabetul grecesc / Το ελληνικό αλφάβητο ?v= 2AwfeLakC7I.

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At the same time, they use the modern th for q and f for f. Greek punctuation uses the full stop and the comma generally as in English. There are several other rules for accents, but this is the most commonly appearing.

The spelling, however, has always been intended to represent the actual pronunciation. Greek spelling and pronunciation differ between dialects, and have changed greatly over alfwbetul course of time.

Just when they attained their present shape is difficult to determine, but I think it was well on the way by AD. The first step in learning Greek is to learn the alphabet.

The breathings are rough an h-sound and smooth no h-soundand must be used on all initial vowels and the letter rwhich gets a rough breathing at the start of a word. When it is on the final syllable, it changes to a grave when another word follows in the sentence.

It makes sense to memorize the letters in order because you will want to look up words in a lexicon, which will be arranged alphabetically.

It is often pulled towards the end of the word by inflection, when the ending has a long vowel. This aspiration gradually disappeared, and is absent in modern Greek.


It is easy to print the small letters like a medieval scribe, and helps in recognition. Once you know the alphabet, it will only take a year or so of reading before you are comfortable, so cheer up! The small letters evolved from them for easier writing on papyrus with a pen.

How Greek actually sounded when the accent was by pitch, which the accents describe, is unknown. Once you have the small letters, the capitals will be no problem. Classical scholars generally pronounce Greek rather like Latin, which has probably been done for a very long time. Greek was originally written with letters like the capitals shown. Just make sure to get them the right way round.

Since heroic times there has been a constant tendency to combine and simplify vowel sounds, as evidenced by the Attic contractions. Roman inscriptions usually separated words, so it is hard to believe that this was not done in writing to some degree, in Greek as well as Latin.

Lambda (literă)

The way to do this is to write out the small letters in order until you can do it neatly and quickly. At present, there alfxbetul only five pure vowel sounds, which is not enough to make the distinctions necessary in classical Greek. The letters representing double sounds, and distinguishing long and short vowels, were mostly added later, and a few letters from early alphabets that were regarded as superfluous were dropped. No accent can fall beyond the third syllable from the end of a word.


If the final vowel is long, the accent must be on one of the last two syllables. The circumflex accent is a combination of the acute alfabftul grave, and often represents a contraction involving an accented vowel. Most of these letters were retained for number notation, however, as shown.

It is now pronounced with a stress accent on any accented syllable, and modern Greek uses only the acute accent.

Alfabetul gotic

Possibly sentences were separated by punctuation and spacing before individual words were clearly separated by spaces. It is only used on long vowels, and only on one of the final two syllables.

They say that the comma-like breathings are two parts of the letter H, pulled apart when it was adopted for the long e instead of the aspiration. Accents aalfabetul breathings were added by BC to ease the path of learners of Greek, which was becoming a general language. The present letter Greek alphabet, shown at the right, is the result of a long development.

Lambda (literă) – Wikipedia

The basic accent is the acute. It evolved from Phoenician alphabets, which probably were inspired by Egyptian hieratic writing, by the addition of vowels. A high dot is like hrecesc semicolon or colon, used before further explanation or continuation of an idea, and the interrogation looks like a semicolon. The pronunciation shown is very approximate.