CECROPIA PACHYSTACHYA PDF

Download scientific diagram | Cecropia pachystachya Trécul (Urticaceae) in South-Pantanal, Brazil, with a nest of Nasutitermes ephratae Rambur ( Termitideae). Image of Cecropia pachystachya. Cecropia catarinensis Trusted. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA Distribution and Ecology of Cecropia species in Singapore. Fig. 2. Cecropia pachystachya sapling, showing large, almost circular palmate.

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Kuntze Ambaiba lyratiloba Miq. The trees consist of very few branches, usually with candelabrum-like branching system. An example of a coadapted trait resulting from association with one another is the recognition and pachystahya of both prostomata and Mullerian bodies by queens and worker ants.

Cecropia pachystachya

Their abundance increases temporarily with the clearing of forest or creation of gaps. The trees make few demands on the soil and grow very quickly. Species in the genus Cecropia are some of the most abundant pioneer tree species in natural tree fall gaps inside primary forests. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best. Berg and Rosselli describe in detail six types cecrooia trichomes that can be recognized on Cecropia and more information on each can be found in their paper.

The trees are used in clear-cut areas because they retain paxhystachya soil, create new biomass and allow other types of plants to settle in the area. The following are two examples with the second generally more accepted. However, scientists in Brazil have been studying the preparation of pharmaceutical products containing mainly C.

In the article written by Davidson, [2] on pageTable 1 contains known obligate Cecropia-ants listed by species and geographic distribution. Pourouma bicolor is very similar in appearance to the Cecropiawith its umbrella-shaped leaves, stilt roots, large leaves with wide lobes, and whitish color on the underside. The genus is named after Cecrops Ithe mythical first king of Athens.

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Ants and Cecropia have coadapted to each other; meaning that each species has evolved one or more traits in response to selective pressures exerted by the other. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Materials Science and Engineering: To investigate the hypoglycemic and antioxidant effects of methanolic extract from the leaves of Cecropia pachystachya.

In the Neotropics, toucans and other birds help disperse the seeds of species with short infructescences, while bats are associated with species with long peduncles and spikes.

Some birds — e. Leaves of Cecropia pachystachya are described in the folk medicine as possessing antitusive, expectorant, antiasthmatic and hypoglycemic effects.

Cecropia leaves can be used as a substitute for sandpaper. The genus is native to the American tropics, where it is one of the most recognizable components of the rainforest. Common local names include yarumo or yagrumoor more specifically yagrumo hembra “female yagrumo ” cecro;ia distinguish them from the similar-looking but distantly related Schefflera which are called yagrumo macho”male yagrumo “. After min, no significant difference was observed between the blood levels of the rats treated with the extract and those treated with the standard drugs metformin and glibenclamide.

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Thin unicellular hairs 3. Wind pollination is the dominant form, but insects, small beetles and flies can be pollinators. The main human-use of Cecropia trees is planting them in soil erosion prone areas.

Close-up of the leaves, showing the silver-colered underside Photograph by: The fruits are achenes enveloped by a fleshy perianthsoblongoid, elliptic, sub obovoid or sub ovoid. When the branches are cut, they release a watery, often mucilaginous sap which turns black when it is exposed to the air. Pearl glands or pearl bodies and 6. Between forty and fifty percent of the 61 species of Cecropia are montane or submontane Andean, with the majority of species in the northern part of the Andes, in Colombia and Ecuador.

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Now containing plants.

Cecropia pachystachya – Useful Tropical Plants

Cecropia species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the arctiid moth Hypercompe icasia ; the Cecropia moth Pahcystachya cecropia is a North American species however, and thus allopatric with the plant genus. When phylogenetic data became available, Cecropia was then moved pachystachyx into Urticaceae.

Kuntze Ambaiba carbonaria Miq. Last update on The contents of orientin, isoorientin, and chlorogenic acid were Cecropia species has staminate and pistillate flowers on separate trees, more commonly referred to as a dioecious species.

Views Read Edit View history. In English, these trees are occasionally called pumpwoods though this may also refer to C.

This work aims to evaluate the topical anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the methanolic extract of C. Cecropia was first recognized and accounted for by Marcgrave and Pisothe latter including an illustration with characteristic features. The hypoglycemic effect of the extract was tested in normal, glucose loading and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Many species were also described by HemsleyRichterDonnell SmithRusby, HuberRobinsonPittierBaileyand the most extensive number pachystacuya Snethlage By using this site, you agree to the Terms pachyshachya Use and Privacy Policy.

The species Cecropia pachystachya and C.