Epinephelus itajara. This large, solitary fish will defend its territory when threatened, with aggressive body language and a rumbling sound it. Learn more about the Atlantic goliath grouper – with amazing Atlantic goliath grouper videos, photos and facts on Arkive. The Atlantic goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also known as the jewfish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow.

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Dorsal fin The unpaired fin found on the back of the body of fish, or the raised structure on the back of most cetaceans whales, dolphins and porpoises.

Human uses

Danger to Humans Very large goliath grouper have been observed to stalk divers and even conduct unsuccessful ambushes of the same. Groupers of the world family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae.

Epinephelus itajara Lichtenstein A taxon is Extinct In The Wild EW when it is known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalized population or populations well outside the past range. Large adults may be found in estuaries Ref.

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Image credit Link to this image Add to scrapbook How you can use this image. A taxon is Extinct EX when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.

However, our work is nowhere near complete. Distinguished by the following characteristics: Marketed fresh and salted. A number of authors treat the name Promicrops itajara as valid taxonomy for the goliath grouper.


MyARKive offers the scrapbook feature to signed-up members, allowing you to organize your favourite Arkive images and videos and share them with friends. They may reach extremely large sizes, growing to lengths up epjnephelus 2. Articles with ‘species’ microformats All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Commons category link is on Wikidata.

Geographical Distribution World distribution map for the goliath grouper The goliath grouper occurs in the western Atlantic Ocean from Florida south to Brazil, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.

Atlantic goliath grouper – Wikipedia

Modified by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. Share this image — Hide sharing options. The first and soft dorsal fins are joined together along the back of the fish, and the utajara of the first dorsal fin and anal ihajara are covered with scales and thick skin 2 3. This sound travels great distances underwater and is also used to locate other goliath grouper.

The large size, slow growth, low reproductive rate, and spawning behavior have made the goliath grouper especially susceptible to overfishing. Goliath grouper feed on the spiny lobster.

Meat is of excellent quality. This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat Dentition Goliath grouper have three to five rows of teeth in the lower jaw.

In the eastern Atlantic Oceanit occurs from the Congo to Senegal. Discrete populations of E. Larger individuals have been known to stalk and attempt to eat divers. Coloration This fish is generally brownish yellow, gray, or olive with small dark spots on head, body, and fins. The Atlantic goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara is one of the largest members of the sea bass family.


The caudal fin is rounded. Senegal to Congo reported as Epinephelus esonueRef. The sharp teeth are adapted for seizing prey and preventing escape although most prey is simply engulfed and swallowed whole.

Far more than a list of species and their status, it is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive. One author offers three potential exceptions that may explain why some sexually mature male goliath groupers are smaller than some mature females — a scenario that at first would seem to be contradictory for a protogynous hermaphrodite.

Bases of soft dorsal and anal fins covered with scales and thick skin. After fertilization, the eggs are pelagic, dispersed by the water currents. Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim. Historical exploitation of goliath grouper annual spawning aggregation sites greatly reduced the number of reproductive adults.

Spear fishers find this fish easy to approach; hence in locations accessible to divers einephelus numbers have declined. Species categorized as Near Threatened NT.