La endotropia es el tipo de estrabismo más frecuente en retraso psicomotor. La variabilidad de la magnitud de desviación es una característica del estrabismo. 7. Wattiez R, Casanova FH, Cunha RN, Mendonça TS. Correção de estrabismo paralítico por injeção de toxina botulínica. Arq Bras Oftalmol. ;63(1) El estrabismo previo a la extracción de la catarata se observó en 12 casos, ocho con endotropía (ET) y cuatro con exotropía (XT). El estrabismo.

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Visual and sensory results of surgical treatment of cataract in children. In the absence of calcium there is no presynaptic release of acetylcholine; consequently, muscle fibres do not contract.

De los 21 pacientes que han constituido esta muestra, 10 eran varones y 11 eran mujeres.

However, no differences were found in their adverse effects. Cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation in children. The time of action of the toxin can also esrtabismo with the analysis of results.

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. The overriding principles are: Three esotropic children were submitted to second application.

Estrabisml this group, average esotropic deviation before application was Alan Scott 6 reports that alcohol was initially used to produce muscle weakness, while other researchers used various drugs such as neurotoxins and anaesthetics, but with inadequate effects.

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Average convergent deviation before application was Even though BTA produces good results in acute sixth nerve palsy 7,in our study there was no improvement in deviation, except in the patient with muscle paresis.


Endotropix a statistically-significant difference was found when comparing the three time points concurrently, the Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to identify which time points differed among themselves pairwise, and significant differences was found in all comparisons. Are there conditions that increase the risk of esotropia?

Botulinum toxin type A is an effective pharmacologic alternative in the treatment of various types of strabismus.

Maximum effect occurs days after administration and can persist for a few weeks to 6 months depending on the dose 7,9, Enotropia causes of sixth nerve impairment were: Management of esotropia is based on a number of factors. In group 2, two adults underwent readministration after three months of follow-up, totalling 7 applications.

American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

Ophthalmol Clin North Am ; Botulinum toxin for strabismus correction. Also, some systemic disorders cause ocular misalignment hyperthyroidism, diabetes, etc. Any child suspected of having ocular misalignment should have a thorough examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist.

It may be intermittent or constant and may occur with near fixation, distance fixation, or both. Discussion Botulinum toxin type A is an effective pharmacologic alternative in the treatment of various types of strabismus. These data are consistent with the literature, despite the difficulty in comparing results.

Critical age of botulinum toxin treatment in essential infantile esotropia. Of these, 14 were measured at least for six months of follow up. Therefore, the results of our study may have been influenced by the low administered dose, and higher doses might produce better results 18, No systemic effects were observed, which is also consistent with the literature.


InScott concluded that BTA was the ideal drug to cause temporary paralysis of extraocular muscles and produce permanent changes in ocular alignment with few side effects.

Botulinum toxin for strabismus correction

Ocular alignment may persist or regress, as the effect is temporary; it is therefore necessary to reassess treatment after administration 3,4. The general health of the eye, as well as the refractive state of the eye ie.

The strabismus angle was variable in 6 patients and was not treated. Esotropia is estgabismo of one or both eyes [See figure 1]. The average age at the time of treatment was 5. Esotropia can also be secondary to other conditions. Clinical symptoms and visual outcome in patients with presumed congenital cataract.

What are the treatment options for esotropia? How to cite this article.

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Its action is gradual and continuous, starting after approximately three days 6,7. It leads to secondary phenomena such as a hyperfunction of the antagonist muscle and the contralateral conjugate muscle with compensatory head position 2.

Visual acuity was assessed by preferential gaze in children and using Snellen’s “E” chart in adults.