Cervical ectropion, or cervical ectopy, is when the soft cells (glandular cells) that line the inside of the cervical canal spread to the outer surface of your cervix. Glandular cells are red, so the area may look red. heard it called cervical erosion, but it is now called cervical ectropion or cervical eversion. The cervix, the lower fibromuscular portion of the uterus, measures cm in to the eversion of the columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix, when the cervix . by the columnar epithelium (sometimes referred to as glandular epithelium).

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Don’t use tampons or have penetrative sex during this time to avoid the risk of infection. The metaplastic process mostly starts at the original squamocolumnar junction and proceeds centripetally towards the external os through the reproductive period to perimenopause. In the meantime, tell your doctor if you have:.

Sometimes a pregnant woman’s existing health conditions can contribute to problems, and other times new conditions arise because of body and hormonal….

Even so, it can cause problems for some women. The buried columnar epithelium continues to secrete mucus, which eventually glandulad and distends the cyst.

Cervical Ectropion (Cervical Erosion) | Jo’s Cervical Cancer Trust

Also known as cervical erosion, cervical ectropion is not usually a health concern. Date due for review: It is also thought that some metaplasia may occur by in-growth of the squamous epithelium from the squamous epithelium of the ectocervix.

The cells on the ‘outside’ of the cervix are called squamous epithelial cells. Stratified non-keratinizing squamous epithelium. When the cells are repeatedly destroyed by vaginal acidity in the columnar epithelium in an area of ectropion, they are eventually replaced by a newly formed metaplastic cervkcal.


Lower abdominal pain and vaginal discharge are both common symptoms that most women experience at some point in eveesion life. Several cysts, called nabothian cysts folliclesmay be observed in the mature metaplastic squamous epithelium 1.

Cervical ectropion – Wikipedia

On the other hand, if this process is arrested for some reason or incomplete, the original squamocolumnar junction will be located distal to the external os or may rarely be located on the vaginal walls, particularly involving the anterior and posterior fornices. The endocervical canal is lined by the columnar epithelium sometimes referred to as glandular epithelium.

Women may worry that cervical ectropion may be related to other conditions that affect the cervix. However, the two conditions are not related.

Because of its single layer of cells, it is much shorter in height than the stratified squamous epithelium of the cervix. In a very small minority of women, an eversikn, dysplastic epithelium may develop. The squamocolumnar junction Figures 1. For all practical purposes, the latter resembles the original stratified squamous epithelium.

Cervical ectropion: What you need to know

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Hence, it is located at variable distances from the external os, as a result of the progressive formation of the new metaplastic squamous epithelium in the exposed areas of the columnar epithelium in the ectocervix. Round ligament Broad ligament Cardinal ligament Uterosacral ligament Pubocervical ligament.

To learn more and make choices about data use, visit our Advertising Policy and Privacy Policy. What causes this condition to develop? Most women experience few problems, and the condition can go away on its own. The first option uses an electric current diathermy to cauterise the top layer of the cervix. Treating cervical ectropion If you choose to have treatment, it will usually be at a colposcopy clinic.


Thus, it is a variant of intrauterine squamous metaplasia, in which differentiation of the squamous epithelium is not fully completed due to an interference with normal maturation. Your doctor will provide aftercare instructions and schedule a follow-up examination.

Retrieved from ” https: This complex architecture, consisting of mucosal folds and crypts, gives the columnar epithelium a grainy appearance on visual inspection.

These cells form a basket-weave pattern. Most women only have glandular cells on the inside of their cervix. Log in with your Medical News Today account to create or edit your custom homepage, catch-up gladnular your opinions notifications and set your newsletter preferences. Location of the squamoc A localized overgrowth of the endocervical columnar epithelium may occasionally be visible as a reddish mass protruding from the external os on visual examination of the cervix. Medical Principles and Practice25 18— Occasionally, multiple polyps may arise from the columnar epithelium.

And it might bleed a little during the exam. For this reason, the doctor will need to rule out cervical cancer if a woman’s cervix looks redder or more inflamed than usual. The area on the outside of the cervix where glandular cells come into glaneular with squamous epithelial cells is called the transformation zone or the stratified squamous epithelium. The portion proximal to the external os is called the endocervix and the external os needs to be stretched or dilated to view this portion of gkandular cervix.

Multiple nabothian cysts in the mature squamous metaplastic epithelium occupying the ectocervix. Cervical wversion are small, elongated tumors that grow on the cervix. Can exercise lower blood pressure as effectively as drugs?