GERARD GENETTE Narrative Discourse AN ESSAY IN METHOD Translated by Jane E. Lewin Foreword by Jonathan Culler CORNELL UNIVERSITY PRESS. Genette uses Proust’s Remembrance of Things Past as a work to identify and name the basic constituents and techniques of narrative. Genette illustrates the. In Narrative Discourse Revisited Genette both answers critics of the earlier work and provides a better-defined, richer, and more systematic view of narrative form .
|Published (Last):||18 May 2011|
|PDF File Size:||7.68 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.81 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Full text of “Narrative Discourse: An Essay in Method”
The narrative text, like every other text, has no other temporality than what it borrows, metonymically, from its own reading. Again this position opens an analep- sis, one that this time is aborted, although its function as ad- vance notice or pointer is obvious to the attentive reader: To return to our previous example, if the homodiegetic narrator from the main story line intervenes in the metadiegetic story of Marguerite Bourgeois, this would be a case of metalepsis.
This first time in the narrative order is therefore far from being first in the diegetic order. Now one might expect an account of narrative based gersrd Proustian exam- ples to work just the other way, making Proust’s bizarre tech- niques the norm; but under each of the major categories — tense, voice, and mood — something typically Proustian is rendered anomalous by the system of distinctions.
On the other hand, the relationship is not clear between this “sofa” and the bed described on p. Prolepses Anticipation, or temporal prolepsis, is clearly much less fre- quent than the inverse figure, at least in the Western narrative tradition — although each of the three great early epics, the Iliad, the Odyssey, and the Aeneid, begins with a sort of anticipatory summary that to a certain extent justifies the formula Todorov applied to Homeric narrative: The diegetic narrative mood, then, is expressed to idscourse degrees, depending on the degree to which the narrator is effaced from or represented in his narrative.
In fact, now we must once again differentiate two categories. According to Genette, every text discloses traces of narration, which can be studied in order to understand exactly how the narrative is organized.
Analysis of narrative gedard will thus be for me, essen- tially, a study of the relationships between narrative and story, between narrative and narrating, genette to the extent that they are inscribed in the narrative discourse between story and narrat- ing.
So it would be impossible for a contemporary “current” narrator to appear on the scene, camping out in New France in this embedded story. Jean, after several years, again 8 Homer, The Iliad, trans. This distinction is not as useless as it might seem at first sight.
Order 51 Very different is the situation of internal homodiegetic analepses, that is, internal analepses that deal dscourse the same line of action as the first narrative. The Flow and Displacement of Conscious Genette has long been concerned with Proust, and the three volumes of his Figures, 3 from which Narrative Discourse is taken, contain three other essays on Proust’s work.
Discourwe, cer- tain anachronies, HkeB andC, are narratjve without an explicit return to the base position: As discoourse title indicates, or almost indicates, my study basically has to do with the most widespread meaning of the term narra- tive, that is, with narrative discourse, which in literature, and particularly in the case that interests me, happens to be a narra- tive text.
It is obviously in temporal gaps of this kind that we must hypothetically place certain events in Marcel’s life known to us only by brief retrospective allusions: Let us leave this problem to the specialists, and remember that narraitve the “Confession d’une Jeune Fille” of Les Plaisirs et les jours the “initiation” involves the fourteen-year-old heroine and a “cousin, a boy of fif- teen. But while someone who wanted to learn about cars would have no trouble finding a manual, there is no comparable work for the student of literature.
A second meaning, less widespread but current today among analysts and theoreticians of narrative content, has narrative refer to the succession of events, real or fictitious, that are the subjects of this discourse, and to their several relations of link- ing, opposition, repetition, etc.
Except for brief quotations in a review, this book, or parts thereof, must not be reproduced in any form without permission in writing from the publisher. Proust, of course, is much given to the iterative mode, but he also employs a fascinating figure which Genette calls the pseudo-iterative: The first part of the excerpt the dialogue between Jacques and his master corresponds to what kind of narrative movement?
His systemic theory of narrative deals with the structure of fiction, including fictional devices Again a comparison, in La Prisonniere, between the cowardice Marcel shows toward Albertine and his courage earlier in front of Gilberte, when he had “still enough strength left to give her up. Genette is largely responsible for the reintroduction of a rhetorical vocabulary into literary criticism, for example such terms as trope and metonymy.
The accent is on contrast, on the other hand, when Saint-Loup introduces his Egeria Rachel to Marcel, who immediately recognizes her as the little prostitute from earlier times, she “who, but a few years since.
In the present case, we could say that the event-story begins when Perrette starts her trip to market, and it ends in the mocking of the dairy woman as she comes home from her excursion. Blossom [whose translation of vol- ume 7 was replaced in by Andreas Mayor’s]; 2 vols. It is less relevant 1 Christian Metz, Film Language: Lines are a nice example of prolepsis. Relating n times what happened n times. First printing, Cornell Paperbacks, Nareative have silently modified the French edition of this book by correcting obvious errors, occasionally supplementing the documentation, and giving both French and English versions of quotations from Proust when the French version seemed essen- tial mainly in Chapter nafrative.
Narrative Discourse Revisited – Gérard Genette – Google Books
Proustian believability, of course — based, as Jean-Pierre Richard puts it, on the “logic of inconsistency” — plays on particularly in what concerns homosexuality and its subtle variant, heterosexuality this com- plex system of frustrated expectations, disappointed suspicions, surprises looked forward to and finally all the more surprising in being looked forward to and occurring nonetheless — by virtue of this principle grnette all purposes, that “The laborious process of causation.
In order to understand narratology’s contribution to semiotics, it is important to grasp the distinction between its three narfative entities: Since any geette, even one as extensive and complex as the Recherche du temps perdu, 8 is a linguistic production undertaking to tell of one or several events, it is perhaps legitimate to treat it as the development — monstrous, if you will — given to a verbal form, in the grammatical sense of the term: But we must remember that when he wrote this sentence before Proust had not yet “invented” the character discouree Albertine, who will be worked out between and Then came the war, delaying pub- lication of the remaining two sections — and giving Proust time to alter and expand his manuscripts, which he did assiduously.
This, then, is the complete formula: Read the following excerpt, taken from the first chapter of Jacques the Fatalist by Denis Diderot trans.