Golaknath Case. Facts. The immediate facts of the case were that the family of one William Golak Nath had over acres of property in. In the famous case of Golaknath V. State of Punjab, in the year the Court ruled that Parliament could not curtail any of the Fundamental Rights in the. ; posts about Golaknath case which continued to create history of Indian Judiciary. This is case.

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These articles are designedly made comprehensive to enable the Supreme Court to declare law and to give such directions or pass such orders as are necessary to do complete justice. Pedrick Rana singhe 2. These three writ petitions raise the important question of the validity of the Constitution Seventeenth Amendment Act, The First Amendment contained a number of provisions; but it is necessary for present purposes only to refer to those provisions which made changes in Part III of the Constitution.

He also brought gloaknath other defects in the line of reasoning adopted in Sankari Prasad’s case 1. It cannot therefore be said that if the power of amendment is held to be a legislative power the President acting under Art. The scheme is made so elastic that all the Directive Principles of State Policy can reasonably be enforced without taking away or-abridging the fundamental rights.

The Order in Council had set up a legislature for the territory, consisting of the Queen, a Legislative Council and a. The longer it holds the field the greater will 1 [] S. To thus legitimate such golaknatg extraordinary procedural weapon that has no bearing on guilt would seriously disrupt the administration of justice. In Austin’s Jurisprudence, 4th Ed. However, this logic cannot stand close scrutiny in the following terms: State of Madras [] S.

It is because of this difference between the.

I. C. Golaknath & Ors. Vs. State of Punjab & Anrs.

To attempt to do this otherwise is to attempt revolution which is to alter the will of the people in an illegal manner. The apex court gave a clean chit to 1st Constitutional Amendment in Shankari Prasad [3] declaring that Parliament can amend fundamental rights through Articlehowever down the line, it kept on changing stance.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The intent here is to silence the courts and not to amend the Constitution.

The then Congress Government led by Indira Gandhi won the elections with a huge majority in Retrieved 1 December The distinction between the Constitution and law is so fundamental that the Constitution is not regarded as a law caze a legislative act.

What has been done cannot be undone. We are however of opinion that we should look at the quality and nature of what is done under Art. It will, therefore, be seen that the power to amend and the procedure to amend radically-differ from State to State; it is left to the constitution-makers to prescribe the scope of the power and the method of amendment having regard to the requirements of the particular State. It cannot be assumed that the Constitution makers intended to forge a political strait-jacket for generations to cae.

The decision cannot be obiter for what the court in effect does is to declare the law but on the basis of another doctrine restricts its scope. It will be clearly seen that the power contained in Art.

L. C. Golaknath V. State Of Punjab – Initial stage of Judicial Activism

It is therefore a great error to think of Art. X casd in the Ninth Schedule, which makes it immune from. It is further urged that there can be no implied limitations on the power to amend and the limitations if any on this. We consider that what the House of Lords means by this statement is that in differing from the precedents it will do so only without interefering with the transactions that had taken place on the basis of earlier decisions.

Whether in the field of a constitutional law or statutory law amendment can be brought about only by ‘law’. There is nothing to choose between destruction by amendment or by revolution, the former is brought about by totalitarian rule, which cannot brook constitutional checks and the other by the discontentment brought about by mis-rule. The completion of the procedural steps cannot be said to culminate in the power to amend for if that was so the Constitution makers could have stated that in the Constitution.


The judgment aimed at the protection of those fundamental provisions which are equivalent to the natural rights of the mankind which no government can extinguish by law. We are of opinion that ‘the President can golainath to give his assent when a Bill for amendment of the Constitution is presented to him, the result being that the Bill altogether falls, for there is no specific provision for anything further to be done,: Thus in effect the argument is that there is a very limited power of amendment under cade Constitution.

During the period between and i. In The Bribery Commissioner v. The wide phraseo-logy used in the Constitution in other Articles, such as “repeal” and “re-enact” indicates that art. In the premises, an amendment “Of the Constitution can be nothing but “law”. The amendments relating to Part III casee been mainly with respect to agrarian reforms resulting in transfers of title of millions of acres of land in favour of millions of people.

Clause 4 made a special provision to the effect that if any Bill pending at the commencement of the Constitution in the Legislature of a State had, after it had been passed by such Legis- lature, been reserved for the consideration of the President and had received his assent, then such law would not be called in question though it contravened the provisions of cl.