Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind by Gary Marcus pp, Faber, £ Why do I find it so difficult to remember a string. Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind. Gary Marcus. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, pages, ISBN: (hbk); $ Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind is a non-fiction book by American psychologist Gary Marcus. A “kluge” is a patched-together.

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He sets out to set the record straight, examining such ‘mind’ qualities as Memory, Belief, Choice, Language and Pleasure. Though this book does revisit some territory I was already familiar with, his fundamental premise was compelling enough that it added hahpazard new dimension of understanding to the things that frustrate me about my own brain. All in all, I think an objective reader will glean a few nuggets and interesting facts, but the experience of this book will leave them a little flat.

Science and nature books reviews. Marcus shows o incredible ignorance on why our memories and languages are maximally effective, especially in that they can be mnd to new contexts immediately. What the reader gains, on the other hand, is wonderfully liberating and leads, naturally, to an kind of wisdom.

Their intent is to help us become aware of the ‘kluginess’ of the human mind and to help evolurion appreciate that we can choose more wisely in our dealings with our realities; and with any luck we will all be wiser and happier as a result.

In this context, therefore, this work can also be considered as a demolishing of the belief that human beings are ‘perfectly designed’ mechanisms. In fact, they’re a “kluge” of different evolutionary developments, each overlaying on top of each other.

Kluge, The Book, by Gary Marcus

During this time, most children eat the marshmallow. See 2 questions about Kluge…. Props for talking a haphzaard about evolution, but it wasn’t especially deep.

He quotes that lovely line about rationalisation being more important than sex when was the last time you went a week without a rationalisation?

Kluge: The Haphazard Construction of the Human Mind

Bits and pieces of ‘earlier’ remnants of our evolutionary history are retained in our brains, and ‘later’ developments are layered on top of these. I found items in my own life explained that have always bothered me deeply why is goal setting so difficult – it always seems like future discounting takes away the desire to to good goal setting. Hardcoverpages. We make choices that are apparently irrational and not in our own best long-term interests, and certainly not in those of our genes.


Similar to Malcolm Gladwell’s Blink, Kluge gave me a bit of insight into how to combat the flaws in my brain’s design and to live more rationally.

Recognizing a kluge, such as the human mind, requires thinking outside the box. The basis of Marcus’ argument is that evolution was working with the tools at hand when it whipped up the more complex parts of our brain and that the result, while generally functional, is often far from optimal.

Marcus disagrees; he thinks some things that appear like flaws on the surface really are flaws, due to the fact that evolution is only concerned with what is good enough, not what would be ideal. Well, if you have academic credentials and klugge write in passingly clear prose, publishers will take a chance on you, I guess. While evolution does lead to supremely well-designed and efficient organisms and biological processes, it also leads to a lot of junk.

Yet, for all this, Marcus’s analysis shares a fault with the evolutionary psychologists he criticises: Others cobble together kluges out of a mixture of desperation and resourcefulness, like the TV character MacGyver, who, needing to make a quick getaway, jerry-built a pair of shoes from duct tape and rubber mats.

Yes, the human brain does seem to have been made in rather a “hodge-podge” manner, but it has been necessarily so. Strong general appeals are made within the book to logic and the idea that if there kpuge a teleological goal in the creation of man and the human mind, according to the author, it would be expected that such a purposeful design should have rendered a better result.

This book takes a quick trip through evoluttion human mind and what sort of evolutionary construction could have led to a mind that is a mess of half-developed solutions and new structures built on top of I enjoy reading about the imperfections of humans so was excited to read this. The only problem is that the amount of suction created by the engine varies, depending on how hard the engine is working.


But it”s still flawed, often in ways we scarcely recognize. Found the content very interesting, not only as it applies to me but also, as a teacher, as it applies to my students and why some of them just can’t memorize their math facts or other useful information: And the newest area, the forebrain, sits atop the rest and governs language and decision making.

I mean, yes, the spine is clearly a kluge–it’s faulty, it barely works, it’s incredibly prone to injury, etc. Evopution ideas in both books are terribly important to anyone with a brain, particularly anyone who finds that brain getting away with terribly odd and distressing things at times.

It was accordingly temperamental, subject to frequent breakdowns, and devilishly difficult to repair–but oh, so clever! We have problems with probabilities, and svolution logically inconsistent.

Your neighbor went to that town and saw a bear. The Panda has no thumb, gaphazard it has a wrist bone it has more or less successfully evolved to use for the purpose. I’m trying to run on all my circuits, not simply the ones that evolved first. It can store and accurately retrieve memories, but it can also hardly absorb readily available information, and sometimes, memories which can be retrieved at one particular time can also be distorted due to subjectively retained external stimuli.

He is also the editor of The Norton Psychology Reader, and the author of numerous science publications in leading journals, such as Science, Nature, Cognition, and Psychological Science. And haphaard a snappy writer.

Trial-and-error evolution

Thus – according to Marcus – we prefer instant gratification to the chance of greater, longer-term benefits. In other words, despite its reliability in As this book suggests, the human mind is a mixture of inconsistencies. It will make us calmer, more tolerant and understanding, less judgemental, and more able to be amused rather than annoyed or even angry at ourselves and towards others.

May 10, Jessie B. An edurite and entertaining exposition from one of the clearest minds in the business.

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