‘Koti Banal’ architecture of Uttarakhand is a reflection of indigenous realities and community involvement. It demonstrates a profound. This construction style, designated Koti Banal architecture, attained its zenith around years ago. This architectural style exhibits the existence of elaborate . It is reported that especially buildings of the Koti Banal architecture withstood and performed well during many past damaging earthquakes in.

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Damage patterns observed in past earthquakes for this construction type. The age of the buildings clearly suggests that these construction. Koti Banal buildings are characterized by very simple rectangular plan configurations while the lengths and widths are varying between 4 and 8 meters. Skip to main content. Additional comments section 6. Base isolation Special analysis Heavy Ordinary frame Moment- Working stress Conclusion timber resisting allowable structure frame and stress design truss method The studies show that the people in the region have tradi- High-rise Moment- Performance- tional knowledge and capability for constructing earth- wooden resisting based design quake-safe structures and they could construct these building frame and method almost yrs BP.

Koti Banal architecture: How ingenuity of our ancestors conquered earthquakes

Both the local and Assam earthquake, apart from Kumaun earth- dialects of the region Kumaoni and Garhwali have quake of and Garhwal earthquake of Housed and nailed architefture used for fixing the wooden com- and concrete. It is of the buildings is thus avoided or significantly re- accepted that stiff soil promotes effective isola- duced, which helps in shock resistance. For the two bottommost layers single wooden logs while for the upper layers double wooden logs are used Figure 9.

Almora, km distance to Uttarkashi Chamoli earthquake Gharwal region.

Koti Banal architecture: How ingenuity of our ancestors conquered earthquakes

For more information about the World Housing Encyclopedia, visit http: The entire Himalayan terrain is recognized as que word is not generally incorporated in any language. You are commenting using your WordPress. The detailing suggests that those designing the structures had a fairly good idea of the forces acting upon the struc- ture during an earthquake event. The primary structural system mainly consists of wooden elements. The upper two floors additionally have external balconies wooden verandah which are constructed with a wooden railing running around the whole building.


Using the ancient technique with modern technology is the way forward, in my opinion. Additional comments on building permits and development control rules.

How ingenuity of our ancestors conquered earthquakes. In case of outcropping rock at the surface, the arcbitecture out of dry stone masonry is directly erected onto ground without any embedded foundation Figure 7. This distinct construction form is designated Koti Banal architecture. Number of inhabitants in a typical building of this construction type during the day.

Earthquake-resistant construction, Koti Banal maonione can hardly locate a single-storied, traditional architecture, multistoried structures. These structures are observed to have four Chaukhat to five Panchapura stories.

Architects or engineers did not participate in the planning or construction process. Evolution of architecutre tradition is a long process that in- cludes testing of certain features and evolving the same Figure 7. This is known as the Koti Banal archi- tecture. The building configuration provides adequate safety against lateral shear, but there is no apparent safety measure against overturning.

These age old structures must have witnessed many earthquakes. Even today, construction of real estates for speculation purpose is not prevalent in the region. Koti Banal is the name of a village in the Yamuna Valley which represents the traditional knowledge and understanding of earthquake effects on buildings and their earthquake resistant design. The wooden frame of the entire structure was region four to five-storied traditional structures can still finalized first and then the intervening voids were filled be seen identified as chaukhat, four-storied or pancha- with stones, which is similar to modern-day framed con- pura, five-storied.


The seismic design handbook R. All of the housing reports in this database have been contributed by volunteers.

Koti Banal

Help Center Find new research papers in: This fundamental un- v small openings and vi shear walls. Due to the high age of these buildings, this question cannot be answered. Abhay Aswal A cartoonist who enjoys doodling. Regions between the rupture zones of the great earthquakes are recognized as seismic gaps that are interpreted to have accumulated potential slip for generating future great earthquakes.

Molnar Science architeture Magnitude calibration of North Indian earthquakes N.

Koti Banal – Parikrama

A response reduction factor R of 3. Was the work done as a mitigation effort on an undamaged building or as a repair following earthquake damages? The main arcgitecture expertise was brought in by local artisans.

Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Tri-directional seismic analysis of an unreinforced masonry building with flexible diaphragms S.

A vertical member shear key having length equal to several storey heights, is inserted into the hole which provides support to the walls in out-of-plane direction Figure Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Generally, ornate multistoried houses with abundant use of wooden beams are characteristic of Rajgarhi area.

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