Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.
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Race and the Census in Modern Politics. For all its failings, language proficiency is more likely to capture a stronger form of ethnicity, with clear social implications. A Revised and Updated Edition. Footnotes 1 Programs sponsored by government agencies in charge of indigenous affairs are often focused on matters such as the respect of human rights and the preservation of indigenous languages and cultures CDI It is much less common, however, for an individual to speak an indigenous language and yet not be considered a member of any indigenous group.
La Jornada: Falleció Rodolfo Stavenhagen, constructor de instituciones
American Indian Ethnic Renewal: Nevertheless, when an ridolfo is asked by the census if he or she considers him or herself to be indigenous, the response is based on his or her affiliation with a specific group. In contrast to Brazil, the Stavenhaben government has not implemented affirmative action policies cuestio might encourage individuals of higher socioeconomic status to identify themselves and their children as indigenous.
Evidence from other Indo-Latin American countries suggests that Mexico may not be unique in the resurgence of indigenous identification. Politics and the Resurgence of Identity. Newbury House Publishers; The results were generally consistent with those presented below suggesting that the conclusions also apply to young adult children. Examining Census Classification Debates in Brazil. Educational Inequality by Race in Brazil, — He suggests that rural residents are less likely to shift to the dominant language than urban dwellers because they are more isolated.
Western Bruce, Pettit Becky. According to both criteria for ethnic classification, children of indigenous mothers have significantly lower odds of being in the age-appropriate grade even when controlling for many other factors.
Ethnic Groups in Conflict. Several community-level characteristics are also expected to increase the odds that a child of an indigenous parent will also be classified as indigenous. Older parents who are probably influenced by older and more negative views about indigenous peoples in Mexico are significantly less likely to transmit their knowledge of an indigenous language to their children.
However, sociological research on boundary crossing has focused mostly on Afro-Latin American countries such as Brazil.
The Study of Boundaries in the Social Sciences. The assimilationist perspective therefore leads to the same expectation of a loss of indigenous classification with greater parental socioeconomic status as the stigmatization hypothesis when language proficiency is used as a criterion.
Moreover, because an indigenous identity creates an impediment to entry into the middle and upper classes Colby and van den Berghe ; Pitt-Rivers ; Nutiniupwardly mobile individuals may have a particular desire for themselves and their children to be considered as non-indigenous, which would lead to a systematic shift away from the indigenous category with greater parental socioeconomic status. Also, individuals who have left their communities of origin may be precisely those with less attachment to their indigenous heritage, and who may therefore be less likely to pass on their indigenous identification to their children.
Journal of Human Resources. Language proficiency may be thought to provide a bright boundary between ethnic categories insofar as an individual who does not speak an indigenous language simply cannot be considered indigenous.
Previous studies have shown a similar loss of minority language proficiency among children of more educated immigrant parents in the U. Whether individuals are more or less likely to shift their ethnic identification than their racial identification with increasing socioeconomic status is difficult to predict.
Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico
Nevertheless, findings from this literature may help us formulate specific hypotheses about the intergenerational loss of indigenous language proficiency, and hence indigenous identification according to the language criterion used by the Mexican census. Current Issues in Language and Planning. Columbia University Press; American Journal of Sociology. For these reasons, indigenous language proficiency should be retained as an alternative measure in the census and other sociodemographic surveys.
Elementary Strategies of Ethnic Boundary Making. These children will consequently not be classified as indigenous rpdolfo to the language criterion used by the Mexican census. Speaks an indigenous language. Numerous studies have shown how racial and ethnic boundaries emerge, and are defended or transformed by social actors Horowitz ; Tilly ; Zolberg and Woon ; Brubaker ; Wimmer a.
Sampling weights used in all calculations.
Encouraged by indigenous rights activists and international organizations, many countries are moving towards a classification system based on self-identification instead of relying on language proficiency.
Stevens argues that intergenerational language shift in the U. Social Protection Discussion Paper No.
Ethnic Classification in Southeastern Puerto Rico: I find that movement across the ethnic boundary depends on which of the two criteria currently recognized by the Mexican census is used. Jencks Christopher, Phillips Meredith. In the analysis below I use data from the Mexican census to examine the ethnic classification cuetion children of indigenous parents.
AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. Language retention and indigenous identification are expected to be lower in more etncia areas where children will be exposed to many more cultural influences. I will also compare the extent to which each classification system leads to a shift away from the indigenous category for children of parents with higher educational attainment. Introducing the educational attainment of both parents as separate predictors cuetion the models may result in estimation problems since they are strongly correlated due to the high levels of educational homogamy in Latin American countries such as Mexico Torche Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources.