Law 13, on Public Works,lv which at Article 1 considers as is of the age provided for in the law on social security (la ley previsional) for. Tema(s): Seguridad social. Tipo de legislación: Ley. Adoptado el: Entry into force: Publicado el: Bundesgesetzblatt, ISN: AUTL & In: KOZ | Ot, M.J., WHAT LEY, F.R. (ed.).
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ley argentina pdf to excel – PDF Files
It aims to help policymakers identify the challenges to private-sector participation in infrastructure that, if overcome, could unlock the power of PPPs and support the broader development agenda. The second is the leading role of subnational governments in infrastructure development outside the energy sector. Summary of the enabling environment for PPPs The new PPP law ofwhich created a legal basis for PPP projects and a more comprehensive institutional structure, was adopted in the context of a range of strategic reforms and stimulus programmes, including the Nurly Zhol infrastructure programme and the Concrete Steps, designed to reform government institutions.
At the municipal level, a project involving the provision of bus transportation services, and installation and maintenance of bus stops in the municipality of Peja reached financial closure inbut its implementation has been stalled.
Several other transport and waste management municipal PPP projects have reached final preparation stages, but Pristina Airport remains the only large-scale PPP project implemented at the national level. However, subsequent projects, such as the North Kazakhstan-Aktobe region power line and the Charsk-Ust-Kamenogorsk railway line faced problems because the law conflicted with other legislation, meaning that risk was not equally shared between the partners.
However, the law does not cover state-owned companies SOCs. Guatemala Overview of the infrastructure sector and PPPs Guatemala supports infrastructure development via PPP projects financed through private investment and international funds.
Although the law covers all economic sectors, the cabinet has the power to choose to exclude 1064 sectors from its requirements, as it has for water and energy through to August in order to facilitate urgent projects. Belarus Overview of the infrastructure sector and PPPs From onwards the Belarusian government has pursued an investment promotion policy. As noted above, Jamaica has a comprehensive legal framework for the identification, development, assessment, implementation and management of PPPs.
There is also an inadequate legal structure for unsolicited PPP proposals. Over all, the regulation has created a more level playing field 130644 private-sector participation. Summary of the enabling environment for PPPs The PPP environment has evolved in the past decade into a more organised and structured framework. The State Modernisation Act of —which encouraged private-sector participation in infrastructure investment through concessions—was rolled back after the Constitution gave the government of Ecuador control of strategic sectors, including energy, transport and water, and declared that only by exception can the development of these sectors be delegated to private entities.
The complexity of PPPs compared with conventional types of procurement and infrastructure project implementation schemes undermines the benefits of PPPs in the eyes of some decision-makers. This time-bound law aims at speeding up the contracting phase of 38 PPP projects considering the urgent character of certain infrastructure needs.
Argentina remains heavily underinvested in infrastructure. The PPP framework could be strengthened, for example through the clearer specification of conciliation schemes, greater transparency, more accounting for contingent liabilities, the 1064 of independent audits, and a requirement for public consultation on proposed projects. Given the relative inexperience of ministries and municipalities with PPP projects, there is a lack of experienced professionals available for 1304 by contracting authorities, which is only partially balanced by the growing capabilities of the PPPC.
Despite the central government managing larger projects associated with economic infrastructure, most of the projects prepared in were led by local authorities, which will produce a large pipeline of subnational non-energy sector projects in the coming years.
Infrascope index scores Category scores per country compared to global and regional average Score: To date, under this new framework, the Ministry of Transport and Public Works has been the most active in developing and awarding projects: Procurement for the civil airport in Sofia has recently been cancelled.
However, despite this progress in legal and institutional development, projects remain slow to materialise. One challenge for Kazakhstan is building confidence in PPPs.
It is hoped that a clearer framework resulting from the new regulations will help to attract the private investment necessary for growth and improvement in infrastructure.
Measuring the enabling environment for public-private partnerships in infrastructure
A series of regulations was introduced, covering procurement processes, bidding documentation and contracts. Moreover, the recent period of political instability, which started in and resulted in the collapse of the coalition government in Mayhas prevented political leaders in the government from making long-term, strategic decisions that could positively impact the enabling environment.
The regulation also outlines the procedures the government must comply with to issue authorisations and concessions, including the legal, economic and technical requirements to be met by those interested in providing or operating telecom services. The Government of Benin is emphasising public-private partnerships to build infrastructure. The law, written as a general piece of legislation to allow its passage, was further enhanced by regulations published in February It has dedicated sufficient resources and is working with international donors and consultants to implement the PPP policy framework and leg develop standard procedures and contracts.
In institutional terms, the country went through two significant changes 10364 The average GDP growth rate from to was about 4.
Sincethe government has been working to 1304 the investment climate, including establishing a new PPP framework. This partly explains why the cabinet excluded urgent projects from its scope for a two-year period. Guatemala supports infrastructure development via PPP projects financed through private investment and international funds.
The Sea Port Concessions Regulation contained in Decree of August 18th sets the polices for the construction, use, exploitation, operation, administration and rendering leg services in ports, terminals and port facilities; procedures for granting concessions; content of concessions; construction of works; provision of services; and arbitration as a means ly settling disputes.
These laws define the regulatory environment for implementing PPP projects. Contract management and performance-monitoring of PPPs have also been inefficient, and risk-allocation practices are suboptimal. The new PPP framework gradually came into force over the past few years with the issuance of: Concessions 130644 privatisations are perceived negatively ly some non-governmental and civil society groups, and attempts to award large contracts have been widely debated.
The consortium inaugurated the terminal in October and agreed to pay an annual concession fee of about 40 percent on average of the annual gross revenues of the airport over 20 years. Furthermore, transparency and accountability standards for PPPs must be further developed in order to shield the mechanism against the kind of corruption cases that affected the infrastructure market in One outcome that could stimulate further interest in infrastructure will be the successful delivery of the Big Almaty Ring Road Project, awarded in latewhich was prepared under the lley law.
The Cabinet has final decision-making power over issues, including the PPP priority list, contract approval and renegotiation, and changes to the PPP policy. Enabling laws and regulations The institutional framework Operational maturity Investment and business climate Financing facilities for infrastructure projects.
Despite the improving legal and institutional framework, there is room for enhancing implementation capacity and improving project oversight.
These include projects governed by the Renewable Energy Law and the first phase of the Red-Dead project to refill the Dead Sea from the Red Sea, which is being prepared for tender. Heavy reliance on donors for PPP funding is a further weakness, and more private investors are needed if Egypt is to realise the necessary financing to achieve its infrastructure goals.