Lyotard’s libidinal philosophy is developed in the major work Libidinal Economy and in two sets of essays, Dérive à partir. Peter King reviews Libidinal Economy by Jean-Francois Lyotard. Libidinal Economy: Jean-François Lyotard: In Libidinal Economy (), a work very much influenced by the Parisian student uprising of May , Lyotard.
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In the libidinal philosophy Lyotard uses the idea of libidinal energy to describe events and the way they are interpreted or exploited, and he develops a philosophy of society and theory in terms of the economy of libidinal energies.
Aaron rated it it was ok Dec 13, They can be linked one onto the other in accordance with an end fixed by the a genre of discourse …Genres of discourse supply rules for lotard together heterogeneous phrases, rules that are proper for libixinal certain goals: Necessity can be realized in the domain of reality, not counter to it, as Piaget claims.
After his arrival, Lyotard immersed himself in the works of Marx while updating himself on the Algerian situation. An example would be the way political institutions channel desires to change society away from violent, disruptive eruptions towards more moderate, less disruptive modes of action. He is concerned with the free proliferation of heterogenous elements in society, and for him the institutions of politics and traditional political theory limit multiplicities and differences.
Hence both progressive and conservative political views are found flailing in diagnosing the problems of the political, especially when facing the devaluation of all values in consumer culture. Here is how Lyotard famously defines the postmodern more positively than being merely a disbelief in metanarratives: Lyotard distinguishes the victim from the plaintiff.
He champions paralogy over performativity, since it contributes to healthy research in the sciences and undermines the hegemonic control capital attempts to have.
As the exonomy progressed, Lyotard moved towards considerations of justice that could discern among different regimes of intensities, but only once we acknowledge the changes in the era in which we live. While Lyotard has given up on the possibility and desirability of a socialist revolution, he is still interested in the deployment of revolutionary desires. Today students no longer ask if something is true, but what use it is to them.
It is written in a bewildering combination of styles at times reading more like an avant-garde novel than a philosophical texta method Lyotard uses in an attempt to overcome the limitations he sees in traditional academic theory.
We might think that we can resist the logic of capitalist production, but our libidinal pulsions happen to be in tune with this economy: In order to characterise phrases as events which are beyond full understanding and accurate representation, Lyotard undermines the common view that the meanings of phrases can be determined by what they refer to the referent.
Jean François Lyotard
Along with such a change, the dichotomy according to which freedom, desire, and drives belong to the unconscious, while the superego and consciousness belong to power, ideology, and apparatuses that censure the unconscious, is also sublated. For this reason, Lyotard valorizes the eye and its modes of seeing figures—shadings of meanings—that cannot be reduced to a single meaning or representation. That is, when the phrase is followed by another phrase.
Lyotard furthermore asserts that avant-garde art works of the twentieth century do not reinforce the subject, but call it into question through the unsettling effect of the sublime. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Lyotard argues that this is in fact what takes place in scientific research, despite the imposition of the performativity criterion of legitimation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The philosopher Douglas Kellner writes that, like Deleuze lubidinal Guattari ‘s Anti-OedipusLibidinal Economy is a key text in the micropolitics of desire.
For structuralism, as it would come to define itself over the next fifteen years in works by Lacan and Claude Levi-Strauss —among others, the human subject is largely the effect of discursive grammars in which it libiinal produced. This reduction of knowledge to that which is easily translatable and understandable, of course, is what drives globalization, and the leading economies, as Lyotard notes, will not be those engaged in manufacturing traditional commodities but instead those created and utilized through modern computing.
A victim, for Lyotard, is not just someone who has been wronged, but someone who has also lost the power to oyotard this wrong.
Libidinal Economy | work by Lyotard |
From his early work on phenomenology through Discourse, FigureLibidinal Economyand The Postmodern ConditionLyotard argued that events occur always in the face of what is not presentable to a phenomenology, discourse, language game, or phrase regimen. Thirdly, every utterance should be thought of as a “move” in a lyotad.
Modesty and asceticism were an inevitable consequence of social equality. Your email subscription is almost complete.
He sees the performativity criterion as applying not just to science, technology, and capital, but to the State as well. Causeries sur le tempsParis: Crome, Keith, Lyotard and Greek Thought: