Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.
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Natural History Natural History Cyclicity.
Macrotyloma uniflorum – Wikipedia
May take as little as 40 days, but usually — days to reach maturity. Horse gram can be cultivated up to an altitude of m above the sea level. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification. Macrotgloma cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle.
Seed yields vary markedly with growing conditions. Lateral leaflet blades asymmetrical at the base. A species of possible significance as a grazing crop but regeneration of soft-seeded annual varieties is poor.
Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research40— Stipels about mm long. Uses and Uinflorum Uses and Management Uses. Though both require prolonged cooking, a soak solution 1. Ahmednagar, Kolhapur, Nasik, Pune Karnataka: Macroptilium atropurpureumStylosanthes scabra. Checklists specific search options Macrootyloma during.
Horse gram seed is low in fat and is excellent sources of protein, dietary fiber, a variety of micro-nutrients and phytochemicals still it has remained an underutilized food legume, consumed only by the farming communities of inaccessible areas and low-income groups. Usually grown as a pulse for livestock and human consumption, mostly as an intercrop with annual grains e. Thus, it has remained an underutilized food legume.
Other diseases include anthracnose Glomerella lindermuthianumrust Uromyces appendiculatumroot rot Pellicularia filamentosa and dry root rot Macrophomina phaseolina. Bean fly Ophiomyia AgromyzaMelanagromyza phaseoli: Seeds per fruiteach seed about 3. Medical uses of these legumes have been discussed.
Or, Login with your user account:. Leaf disease can be a problem in higher rainfall areas. Seed ovoid, 5—8 per pod, 4—6 —8 mm long, 3—5 mm broad, pale fawn, light red, brown, or black sometimes with faint mottles or with small, scattered black spots, or bothhilum central.
Retrieved May 31, Green fodder can be cut as soon as 6 weeks after sowing.
Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.)Verdc. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal
Lateral veins about 3 or 4 on each side of the midrib. Seed is no longer commercially available. The majority of antioxidant properties are confined to the seed coat and its removal would not do any good.
Grown as a grain crop in India; one of the few native Australian species used as a crop. Archaeological investigations have revealed the use of horse gram as food especially in India as origin around BC. Known or potential benefits macroyloma the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc. Low levels of hard seed reduce the amount of seed passing undigested through the grazing animal, and hence the potential for spread in this way.
Retrieved from ” https: Upper and lower surfaces of the leaflet uniflogum clothed in prostrate hairs. Flowers about 6 mm diam. It is native to the old world tropics and indigenous to India. Encyclopedia of Life EOL. The two rows from left are cultivated types – the row on the right is a wild type. Moth bean is mostly consumed as dhal or sprouts. M,Biodiversity Documentation for Macgotyloma Part 6: Choice of useful plant species from forests for domestication mcarotyloma been found to start simultaneo Heavy rains during the initial stages of crop growth affect nodule formation owing to poor aeration in the soil.
Horse gram has been recognized as potential source of protein and other nutrients. Horse Gram is mainly cultivated in India. Stigma dish-like, margin hairy.
In Indiait is also known as gahat, muthira, kulathor kulthi. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Document specific search options Title. V, Dolichos uniflorus Lam. Initially considered a potential dry season supplement for low quality native pasture.
Drought tolerance capacity of horse gram is attributed in parts to various pathways like antioxidant and osmolyte biosynthesis, making it sturdy enough to withstand long periods of drought with minimum management.